EU Backs New Migration, Environment and Climate Change Project
(MECLEP) - “Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Evidence for Policy”
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IOM and COP22 Marrakesh
IOM Outlook on Migration, Environment and Climate Change
IOM and COP 21, Paris
State of Environmental Migration 2011
The State of Environmental Migration 2011
IOM at the EDD15 | 04 June
People on the Move in a Changing Climate
Every year around the world, millions of people are forced to leave their homes because of floods, windstorms, earthquakes, droughts and other disasters.
Environmental factors have long had an impact on global migration flows, as people have historically left places with harsh or deteriorating conditions.
However, the scale of such flows, both internal and cross-border, is expected to rise as a result of accelerated climate change, with unprecedented impacts on lives and livelihoods.
Such migration can have positive and negative effects on both the local coping capacity and the environment in areas from which these migrants originate, as well as in their temporary or permanent destinations.
Migration, climate change and the environment are interrelated. Just as environmental degradation and disasters can cause migration, movement of people can also entail significant effects on surrounding ecosystems.
This complex nexus needs to be addressed in a holistic manner, taking into account other possible mediating factors including, inter alia, human security, human and economic development, livelihood strategies and conflict.
IOM applies its comprehensive migration management approach to the complex linkages between climate change, the environment and migration.
Through its global capacities in research, data collection, operational activities and partnerships, IOM works to reduce the vulnerability of populations exposed to environmental risk factors; assists populations on the move as a result of environmental causes; and builds the capacities of governments and other actors to face the challenge of environmental migration.
The European Commission and EU Member States have increased attention to the “Climate change and migration” theme, and the EU’s Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM) confirms it as one component of the EU's external migration policy.
IOM has experience at the EU and the country level as partners engaging vulnerable countries, particularly with the formulation and implementation of the National Adaptation Plans of Action (NAPAs) and through the development of specific expertise.
IOM's contributions to the COP 21 in Paris
Radical action is required of us now to mitigate against the worst effects of climate change. The Paris agreement presents an opportunity to achieve this. Representatives from the Advisory Group on Climate Change and Human mobility held a press conference ahead of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) meeting in Paris in December 2015 to address the momentum of including human mobility recommendations in the Paris Agreement and Decisions. For the full press briefing, click here.
The Advisory Group provides technical support to UNFCCC Parties to ensure that human mobility questions are taken into consideration within the negotiation process. Previously, the Advisory Group had shared their recommendations with all stakeholders involved and the full recommendations can be found here.
In 2015, IOM committed to bring the question of human mobility to the climate negotiation process, currently conducted within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
This document "IOM CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE “YEAR OF CLIMATE” - PARIS 2015" outlines IOM’s contributions to the UNFCCC process since 2008 and presents the Organization’s actions to support the UNFCCC process in the “Year of Climate – 2015”.
For more information, please also see IOM's post-COP report: "IOM AT COP 21, PARIS – DECEMBER 2015, POST-COP REPORT" which you can download HERE
For more information about IOM’s perspective and work in the area of Migration, the Environment and Climate Change, please visit IOM's Migration and Climate Change repository of information.
Key IOM Documents
- IOM Policy Perspective on Disaster Risk Reduction, Climate Change Adaptation and Environmental Migration
- Background Paper: IDM Workshop on Migration and Climate Change March 2011
- Chair's Summary: IDM Workshop on Migration and Climate Change March 2011