European Cities on the Front Line
This report explores how local administrations across Europe have navigated providing migrants and refugees access to public services and supporting their broader inclusion.
It focuses on cities and smaller towns in Southern as well as Central and Eastern Europe that are facing particularly difficult situations, such as high levels of spontaneous arrivals, restrictive national policies, strained economies, limited integration experience, and a weak and/or thinly spread service infrastructure. The report starts by examining different challenges to migrant and refugee inclusion at the local level before turning to options to address such challenges. It concludes with recommendations on how to make the most of local governance levers to optimize integration outcomes in the face of various constraints.