Policy Insights 1/2016
Inclusion, Growth and Competativeness: Future of Economic Migration in the EU
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Migration Governance Framework
The essential elements for facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration & mobility of people
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Headstart to Integration -
A Global Review of Pre-departure Support Measures for Migrants
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IOM and COP22 Marrakesh
13 Jan 2017 -- Over 10,000 asylum seekers have now been relocated from Greece and Italy to other European Union (EU) member states through the EU relocation programme, according to IOM, which is facilitating the operation.
This week, 168 people left Greece for Estonia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway and Portugal. Another 81 people were relocated from Italy to Spain. This brings the total number of people relocated under the scheme to 10,189 since its launch in October 2015.
While IOM welcomes the 10,000 milestone and continuing efforts to relocate eligible asylum seekers, it acknowledges that this number is far too low and is calling for a robust push to meet the goals of the two-year programme – the provision of 106,000 places in other EU member states.
Eugenio Ambrosi, Director of IOM’s Regional Office for the EU, Norway and Switzerland, said that faster and full implementation of the EU relocation plan will help to alleviate overcrowding and suffering among migrants and refugees now enduring harsh winter conditions in Greece.
“A very good plan is in place and IOM has been fully supporting its implementation, but what we are now seeing in Greece is the consequence of the delays. Picking up the pace of the relocations is not only operationally possible, it is absolutely vital for improving the living conditions and well-being of thousands of people eligible for relocation,” he said.
MORE INFORMATION ...
- EU Relocation Information Page
- Relocation Information Sheet
- Updated statistics on EU relocations
- Relocation from Greece
- IOM Commentary: EU Relocation: Where Europe Needs a Surge
- News: IOM Aids EU relocation of 5,000 Asylum Seekers in First Year, Urges Renewed Effort (16-09-2016)
- News: EU Relocation of Asylum Seekers Gathers Pace as 222 are Relocated this Week (09-09-2016)
- News: IOM Aids Relocation of Families, Unaccompanied Child Migrants from Greece to Finland (02-09-2016)
- News: Asylum Seekers Relocate from Greece to France through EU Scheme (26-08-2016)
- Video Portraits of EU Relocation produced by the European Commission
January 2017 -- IOM has released a set of key recommendations on migration policy to the newly arrived Maltese Presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) for January - June 2017.
With international cooperation as a basis, and in line with its Migration Governance Framework, IOM calls on the Maltese Presidency of the Council of the European Union to act upon the three following recommendations:
1. Revise the Dublin Regulation: The reform of the current system should achieve a fairer and solidarity-based allocation mechanism amongst Member States and a swift access of applicants to status determination procedures, while always protecting the rights of migrants.
2. Further legal avenues of migration: As European economies see a decline in their working age population, resulting in labour shortages and skill mismatches, policies and legislative frameworks to enhance legal migration are needed to ensure the sustainable growth and competitiveness of Europe.
3. Put particular focus on unaccompanied migrant children: Due to their vulnerability to exploitation, abuse and neglect, migrant children need to be particularly cared for. It is therefore essential to ensure that these children, be they accompanied or not, effectively enjoy their rights and are protected.
15 Dec 2016 -- The European Union and IOM have developed a joint initiative to support the efforts of partner countries in Africa to strengthen migration governance and respond to urgent protection needs and unacceptable loss of life of migrants.
Through the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF), and with contributions from Germany (€48 million) and Italy (€22 million), the EU and IOM will work with local, national and international stakeholders to implement projects in 14 countries in the Lake Chad and Sahel region and neighbouring countries, including Libya.
The actions will aim to strengthen capacities of the African countries to address complex migration; increase protection and assistance vulnerable and stranded migrants; provide voluntary return assistance for migrants wishing to return home; support the reintegration of returnees; promote safe and informed migration; and improve data on migration flows, migrant needs and vulnerabilities.
- Press Release
- Fact Sheet
- EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa Web page
- Watch IOM Director General Swing's Live Statement (Video)
17-19 Oct 2016 -- IOM’s regional offices in Brussels and Nairobi, in partnership with the African Institute for Remittances (AIR) yesterday (17/10), kicked off a 3-day “Peer-to-Peer Exchange” meeting in Nairobi focusing on remittances.
Running through Wednesday (19/10), the meeting brings peers and stakeholders involved in IOM’s “ACP-EU Migration Action" programme to pursue in-depth discussions on remittances – a topic which is a core part of the joint African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States and European Union (EU) Dialogue recommendations on migration.
The Nairobi meeting offers a chance for the 70 participants – including migration experts and representatives from ACP governments, regional organizations, the European Union, UN agencies and NGOs working in the area of remittances and diaspora mobilization – to exchange knowledge and insights on the challenges, lessons learned, and good practices identified within the framework of the ACP-EU Migration Action programme, which is financed by the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) and supported by the ACP Secretariat and the EU.
19 Sep 2016 -- “We are gathered here today for an historic Summit—the first ever to assemble Heads of State from around the world to address the question of refugees and migrants,” said International Organization for Migration (IOM) Director General William Lacy Swing in opening remarks for Monday’s events.
With representatives of nearly two hundred nation states looking on, Ambassador Swing signed a document formally linking IOM to the United Nations. Starting Monday, IOM from now on will join the UN as one of its related organizations, giving the United Nations, for the first time, an explicit, official migration mandate.
The Agreement between IOM and the UN can be found on the United Nations website here.
The UN Summit will also set in motion a much longer process focused on migration – a Global Compact on safe, regular and orderly migration that upholds the human rights of migrants and their families, irrespective of migration status.
To find out more about the Summit's New Tork Declaration and to read the full text, go here.
23 Feb 2016 -- IOM yesterday (22/02) conducted its first family reunification in Cyprus in coordination with Cyprus’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and partners. The joint action reunited a 7-year-old Syrian girl with her father, mother and siblings.
The girl travelled from Syria via Jordan, where IOM Amman provided her with airport assistance and an escort for the journey. She was reunited with her family at Larnaca International Airport last night (22/02).
"The child was separated from her family for two years after surviving a bombing and the destruction of her house. She was very eager to join her loved ones in Cyprus, who were thrilled to hear she is alive," said Natasa Xenophontos Koudouna, IOM's officer in charge in Cyprus.
30 October 2015 -- IOM has released an update to its June 2015 response plan “Addressing Complex Migration Flows in the Mediterranean.” It includes a series of proposed interventions to be implemented through December 2016, some of which are already underway, others are still at the planning stage.
The plan presents IOM’s proposed interventions and reaffirms the collective responsibility of states, institutions and organizations to respond to the situation that the international community is facing in Europe and beyond, in a manner that is centered on the protection of migrants’ rights, as well as enhanced partnership between all concerned stakeholders.
The document details four pillars of a coordinated response, which will be implemented across multiple locations in Europe, parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East and North Africa.
01 December 2015 -- A new data brief produced by IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre and UNICEF shows that children make up at least one in five of the 870,000 refugees and migrants who have crossed the Mediterranean Sea so far this year.
The share is greatest along the Eastern Mediterranean route from Turkey to Greece and through the Western Balkans, where children make up over one quarter of arrivals. About 10 per cent of arrivals to Italy are children, with nearly three quarters unaccompanied by a parent or guardian.
Children are among the most vulnerable of the migrants and refugees travelling to Europe. More than one third of all deaths in the Aegean Sea this year have been of children, many of them infants. Read More>>
28 October 2015 -- IOM yesterday (27/10) launched its flagship World Migration Report 2015 – Migrants and Cities: New Partnerships to Manage Mobility, during the second day of the two-day high-level Conference on Migrants and Cities in Geneva.
The report, the eighth in IOM’s World Migration Report series, focuses on how migration and migrants are shaping cities and how the life of migrants is shaped by cities, their people, organizations and rules.
Speaking at the launch, Dr. June Lee, the report’s editor-in-chief, noted that while much of the current international discussion about migration trends and policy is at national level, this report takes the migration debate to the city level.
“The report focuses on how migration is shaping cities and how the situation of migrants in cities – how they live, work and shape their habitat – helps to reveal the close connection between human mobility and urban development,” she said.
25 September 2015 -- The EC-funded project “Training packages for health professionals to improve access and quality of health services for migrants and ethnic minorities, including the Roma (MEM-TP)” will hold a Dissemination Workshop in Brussels on the 2nd of October 2015 at the Borschette Centre in Brussels. The goal of this project is to review, develop, test and evaluate training for health professionals to prepare them to better care for these population groups.
The workshop is being organized by the Andalusian School of Public Health, the Migration Health Unit of the IOM Regional Office Brussels, and the European Public Health Alliance.
The event is financed by the EU’s Health Programme 2008-2013 and is managed by the Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (CHAFEA) and the European Commission's DG for Health &Food Safety.
26 June 2015 -- The Greek islands near Turkey's coast now rival Italy as the top destination for irregular migrants seeking entry into the EU by sea this year, signaling the shift from the central Mediterranean route to the Eastern route. Some 61,000 migrants have arrived by sea to Greece this year, nearly doubling 2014’s full-year total of 34,442. During the current month of June, between 650 and 1,000 migrants are reaching the islands daily. The key points of entry are the Greek islands of Lesvos, Samos, Kos and Chios, with Lesvos alone receiving over half of all arrivals. The smaller islands of Pserimos, Farmakonisi, Agathonisi, Oinousses, Megisti and Gavdos also are receiving migrants, overstretching modest local means to respond.
IOM's Chief of Mission in Greece, Daniel Esdras, warns that the islands are facing shortages in capacity and resources needed to adequately handle the arrivals. “This is only the beginning. The facts and figures cannot describe the reality of the situation on Greek shores," he said. Read More>>
UN Summit for Refugees & Migrants | 19 Sep 2016
Adressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants
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IOM-EU Cooperation on Migration & Mobility 2015
IOM Mediterranean Response Plan
IOM Response Plan for the Mediterranean and Beyond
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Fatal Journeys Volume 2
Identification and tracing of dead and missing migrants
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Missing Migrants Project