Policy Insights 1/2016
Inclusion, Growth and Competativeness: Future of Economic Migration in the EU
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Migration Governance Framework
The essential elements for facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration & mobility of people
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Headstart to Integration -
A Global Review of Pre-departure Support Measures for Migrants
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IOM and COP22 Marrakesh
28 March 2017 -- IOM Niger is launching 20 community-based reintegration projects for over 3,000 returning migrants in five of the primary countries of origin – Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Guinea Conakry and Cameroon – with support from the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa and as part of the Migrant Response and Resource Mechanism (MRRM).
These activities will be carried out between March and September 2017, the implementation time estimated for the reintegration projects. An additional 3,000 members of local communities will benefit from these projects.
The Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism (MRRM) programme aims to contribute to the improvement of security and stability in Niger through the development of a comprehensive approach to managing mixed migratory flows. The objectives of the programme are to provide direct assistance to migrants in transit centres and along migratory routes, and to support the sustainable and effective socioeconomic reintegration of migrants in their countries of origin.
The “Peer-to-Peer Exchange Meeting” brought together 70 delegates and experts from the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) States and from the European Union (EU) to look at the most effective means to counter both phenomena at the local, regional and global levels.
“This is an excellent opportunity to learn from the experiences of experts from these three regions in preventing and responding to both trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling, including protection of victims and migrants who have suffered human rights abuses,” said IOM’s Rosilyne Borland, who facilitated the event.
10 March 2017 -- Senior officials from the European Union (EU) and IOM met in Brussels yesterday (9/03) to further strengthen cooperation on addressing the challenges and the opportunities related to global migration governance.
The annual strategic meeting, known as “The Senior Officials Meeting,” was hosted by European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides.
IOM Director General William Lacy Swing welcomed the deepening of the strategic dialogue between IOM and the EU since the signing of the IOM-EU Strategic Cooperation Framework in 2012, which has led to more regular channels of cooperation, discussion and joint planning to respond to the mounting migration and mobility challenges of 21st century migration.
“The EU and IOM share the view that no country can effectively address migration alone, and that all countries, international organizations, civil society and local authorities need to work together to make a comprehensive, coherent and sustainable European migration policy a reality,” he said.
“IOM-EU Cooperation on Migration and Mobility: Addressing the Valletta Summit Priorities Together” captures the main features and tangible results of the IOM-EU global partnership from 2015 to 2016 with a focus on the joint efforts in implementing the Joint Valletta Action Plan, as well as IOM’s engagement with the EU Trust Fund for Africa.
The report surveys how and where IOM and the European Union are working together across the five priority domains agreed at the Valletta Summit on Migration in 2015: development benefits of migration and addressing root causes; legal migration and mobility, protection and asylum; prevention of and fight against irregular migration, migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings; and return, readmission and reintegration.
The publication is the second edition of this IOM-EU report and part of IOM’s ongoing “Partnerships in Action” series here:
3 Mar 2017 -- The European Commission yesterday adopted a Recommendation and Renewed Action Plan for EU member states to consider in their procedures to return men, women and children staying irregularly in the EU to their countries of origin or transit. It encourages member states to undertake swift returns, which limit basic safeguards and rights that should be guaranteed to all migrants, including in cases involving children.
UN agencies and child rights organisations are concerned that the Commission package on Return encourages member states to undertake ‘swift returns’ of people – including children – with reduced procedural safeguards and through the increased use of detention. This approach would put children’s lives at risk and would be in violation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which every EU member state has ratified.
Behind the policy decisions and targets to enforce return decisions are the lives of real children and families. The EU and its member states have long been leaders on children’s rights. We urge them to uphold their commitments to all children, regardless of migration or residence status.
03 Mar 2017 -- The European Union (EU) is backing a special education programme that is helping 2,500 refugee and migrant children go to school in Greece. IOM provides transport and bus escorts who accompany the children from their accommodation to the nearest Greek schools.
“Four months ago, we were facing the alarming reality that thousands of migrant and refugee children in Greece were not attending school, compounding the hardships they have had to face. Today, it is heartwarming to see a much more positive picture as the number of children who attend school is now into the thousands and continues to grow,” said IOM Director General William Lacy Swing. “We greatly appreciate the support from the EU and our partners in Greece, and look forward to continuing to ensure that all migrant and refugee children are in school,” he added.
07 Feb 2017 -- IOM will highlight the need for more legal channels, better migrant protection and the centrality of human rights in its contribution to discussions starting Wednesday (8/2) at the first intercontinental, high-level meeting to follow up on progress made since the Valletta Summit on Migration held in November 2015.
Eugenio Ambrosi, Regional Director of IOM’s EU office, who will be participating in the 2-day meeting, said that the safety, dignity and human rights of all migrants, refugees and asylum seekers should underpin all actions being implemented under the 2015 Valletta declaration and its action plan.
The Senior Officials Meeting in Malta will be an opportunity to reinforce cooperation and take stock of the implementation of commitments agreed at the 2015 Summit, where 66 African and European states, international and regional organizations contributed to the adoption of a joint political declaration and a roadmap known as the “Joint Valletta Action Plan” (JVAP.)
02 Feb 2017 - Ahead of the informal meeting of the European Council in Valletta tomorrow (03-02), we call on European leaders to take decisive action to address the tragic loss of life on the Central Mediterranean route and the deplorable conditions for migrants and refugees in Libya.
To better protect refugees and migrants, we need a strong European Union that is engaged beyond its borders to protect, assist and help find solutions for people in need. This includes building capacity to save lives at sea or on land, strengthening the rule of law and fighting against criminal networks.
We call for concerted efforts to ensure that sustainable migration and asylum systems are put in place in Libya, when the security and political situation permits, and in neighboring countries.
13 Jan 2017 -- Over 10,000 asylum seekers have now been relocated from Greece and Italy to other European Union (EU) member states through the EU relocation programme, according to IOM, which is facilitating the operation.
While IOM welcomes the 10,000 milestone and continuing efforts to relocate eligible asylum seekers, it acknowledges that this number is far too low and is calling for a robust push to meet the goals of the two-year programme – the provision of 106,000 places in other EU member states.
Eugenio Ambrosi, Director of IOM’s Regional Office for the EU, Norway and Switzerland, said that faster and full implementation of the EU relocation plan will help to alleviate overcrowding and suffering among migrants and refugees now enduring harsh winter conditions in Greece.
“A very good plan is in place and IOM has been fully supporting its implementation, but what we are now seeing in Greece is the consequence of the delays. Picking up the pace of the relocations is not only operationally possible, it is absolutely vital for improving the living conditions and well-being of thousands of people eligible for relocation,” he said.
MORE INFORMATION ...
15 Dec 2016 -- The European Union and IOM have developed a joint initiative to support the efforts of partner countries in Africa to strengthen migration governance and respond to urgent protection needs and unacceptable loss of life of migrants.
Through the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF), and with contributions from Germany (€48 million) and Italy (€22 million), the EU and IOM will work with local, national and international stakeholders to implement projects in 14 countries in the Lake Chad and Sahel region and neighbouring countries, including Libya.
The actions will aim to strengthen capacities of the African countries to address complex migration; increase protection and assistance vulnerable and stranded migrants; provide voluntary return assistance for migrants wishing to return home; support the reintegration of returnees; promote safe and informed migration; and improve data on migration flows, migrant needs and vulnerabilities.
- Press Release
- Fact Sheet
- EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa Web page
- Watch IOM Director General Swing's Live Statement (Video)
23 Feb 2016 -- IOM yesterday (22/02) conducted its first family reunification in Cyprus in coordination with Cyprus’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and partners. The joint action reunited a 7-year-old Syrian girl with her father, mother and siblings.
The girl travelled from Syria via Jordan, where IOM Amman provided her with airport assistance and an escort for the journey. She was reunited with her family at Larnaca International Airport last night (22/02).
"The child was separated from her family for two years after surviving a bombing and the destruction of her house. She was very eager to join her loved ones in Cyprus, who were thrilled to hear she is alive," said Natasa Xenophontos Koudouna, IOM's officer in charge in Cyprus.
30 October 2015 -- IOM has released an update to its June 2015 response plan “Addressing Complex Migration Flows in the Mediterranean.” It includes a series of proposed interventions to be implemented through December 2016, some of which are already underway, others are still at the planning stage.
The plan presents IOM’s proposed interventions and reaffirms the collective responsibility of states, institutions and organizations to respond to the situation that the international community is facing in Europe and beyond, in a manner that is centered on the protection of migrants’ rights, as well as enhanced partnership between all concerned stakeholders.
The document details four pillars of a coordinated response, which will be implemented across multiple locations in Europe, parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East and North Africa.
01 December 2015 -- A new data brief produced by IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre and UNICEF shows that children make up at least one in five of the 870,000 refugees and migrants who have crossed the Mediterranean Sea so far this year.
The share is greatest along the Eastern Mediterranean route from Turkey to Greece and through the Western Balkans, where children make up over one quarter of arrivals. About 10 per cent of arrivals to Italy are children, with nearly three quarters unaccompanied by a parent or guardian.
Children are among the most vulnerable of the migrants and refugees travelling to Europe. More than one third of all deaths in the Aegean Sea this year have been of children, many of them infants. Read More>>
28 October 2015 -- IOM yesterday (27/10) launched its flagship World Migration Report 2015 – Migrants and Cities: New Partnerships to Manage Mobility, during the second day of the two-day high-level Conference on Migrants and Cities in Geneva.
The report, the eighth in IOM’s World Migration Report series, focuses on how migration and migrants are shaping cities and how the life of migrants is shaped by cities, their people, organizations and rules.
Speaking at the launch, Dr. June Lee, the report’s editor-in-chief, noted that while much of the current international discussion about migration trends and policy is at national level, this report takes the migration debate to the city level.
“The report focuses on how migration is shaping cities and how the situation of migrants in cities – how they live, work and shape their habitat – helps to reveal the close connection between human mobility and urban development,” she said.
25 September 2015 -- The EC-funded project “Training packages for health professionals to improve access and quality of health services for migrants and ethnic minorities, including the Roma (MEM-TP)” will hold a Dissemination Workshop in Brussels on the 2nd of October 2015 at the Borschette Centre in Brussels. The goal of this project is to review, develop, test and evaluate training for health professionals to prepare them to better care for these population groups.
The workshop is being organized by the Andalusian School of Public Health, the Migration Health Unit of the IOM Regional Office Brussels, and the European Public Health Alliance.
The event is financed by the EU’s Health Programme 2008-2013 and is managed by the Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (CHAFEA) and the European Commission's DG for Health &Food Safety.
26 June 2015 -- The Greek islands near Turkey's coast now rival Italy as the top destination for irregular migrants seeking entry into the EU by sea this year, signaling the shift from the central Mediterranean route to the Eastern route. Some 61,000 migrants have arrived by sea to Greece this year, nearly doubling 2014’s full-year total of 34,442. During the current month of June, between 650 and 1,000 migrants are reaching the islands daily. The key points of entry are the Greek islands of Lesvos, Samos, Kos and Chios, with Lesvos alone receiving over half of all arrivals. The smaller islands of Pserimos, Farmakonisi, Agathonisi, Oinousses, Megisti and Gavdos also are receiving migrants, overstretching modest local means to respond.
IOM's Chief of Mission in Greece, Daniel Esdras, warns that the islands are facing shortages in capacity and resources needed to adequately handle the arrivals. “This is only the beginning. The facts and figures cannot describe the reality of the situation on Greek shores," he said. Read More>>
IOM-EU Cooperation on Migration & Mobility 2015-2016
Addressing the Valletta Summit Priorities Together
>> Read it Here <<
UN Summit for Refugees & Migrants | 19 Sep 2016
Adressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants
>> More Information Here <<
Fatal Journeys Volume 2
Identification and tracing of dead and missing migrants
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Missing Migrants Project