Resettlement, Complementary Pathways and Relocation
By the end of 2018, there were more than 70 million people forcibly displaced in the world, due to persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations. Among them, 1.44 million refugees were in need of resettlement in 2018. While resettlement is an essential tool to meet the international protection needs of particularly vulnerable refugees, the magnitude of forced displacement has exposed a widening gap between the number of those in need of a third-country solution and the few resettlement and admission places made available globally.
In September 2016, all 193 UN Member states adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants to improve the international community’s response to large movements of refugees and migrants. This is a landmark political declaration and contains a set of commitments by States to strengthen and enhance mechanisms to protect people on the move.
IOM supports its Member States in carrying out resettlement, complementary pathways and relocation schemes. We believe the most successful resettlement and admission programmes provide not only much needed protection for the most vulnerable but also a path to successful integration into their new societies.
IOM is also supporting intra-EU relocation efforts. These programmes, implemented both on a European-wide and on a bilateral basis, are an expression of internal EU solidarity with Member States facing increased pressure on their asylum systems. They involve the relocation of persons in need of international protection from one to another EU Member State where their asylum application will be further processed.