Humanitarian action alone cannot address the mobility dimensions of a crisis. People displaced by a typhoon need longer term solutions in terms of housing, access to school, health services, work, etc.
Crises, human-made and natural disasters, also have long-term consequences on communities. They negatively impact development progresses and governance structures, contributing to the fragility of States. This increases the human and material cost of crises as well as their response. Over the past decades, IOM developed institutional capacity in transition and recovery programming building on development principles to address displacement situations and other mobility issues.
IOM’s transition and recovery work complements humanitarian interventions to foster effective, sustainable recovery and development in crisis and posts-crisis contexts. IOM works closely with local and international counterparts in the efforts to re-establish essential socioeconomic and governance structures, rebuild infrastructures and livelihoods, mitigate conflict, build resilience to shocks and minimize risks of future crises.
Successful recovery ultimately may prevent further forced displacement, promotes durable solutions and provides the foundation for sustainable development.
Reducing the socio-economic and political impacts of crises can contribute to reduce forced and irregular migration. To achieve that, IOM works towards strengthening democratic institutions by supporting election processes as a fundamental component of democracy, human rights and conflict prevention.
Within this framework, IOM focuses its activities on providing access to voting to the diaspora, supporting the EU Election Observation Missions in countries outside the European Union and assisting governments in the enfranchisement of internally displaced groups.